SECTION 405.140:  "C-3" HIGHWAY COMMERCIAL DISTRICT
Link to the Official Municipal Code of the City of Wentzville

A.     Purpose.  This district represents those areas of the City in which principal use is all types of commercial activity including retailing, wholesaling, personal and business services and entertainment along and in close proximity to major transportation arteries which generate high volumes of average daily traffic.  This district provides standards to facilitate development of those forms of business activities which serve persons traveling along major public streets and highways.

B.     Permitted Uses.

     1.     Any use listed as a permitted use in the "C-2" General Commercial District. (See C-2 Regulations Below)

     2.     Agricultural or farm equipment sales storage or repair.

     3.     Amphitheater or drive-in theater.

     4.     Amusement park, game complex, arcade.

     5.     Auditorium, arena or fieldhouse, convention center, museum, planetarium.

     6.     Baking facility, bottling works and food packaging.

     7.     Boat and boat trailer leasing, sales, service and storage.

     8.     Commercial recreational use such as bowling alleys, billiard parlors, dance hall, skating rink, or a use of similar character.

     9.     Furniture sales, refinishing, repair, reupholstery.

     10.     Garden supply and display store.

     11.     Lawn-care service establishment.

     12.     Lumberyard and building material/supply store.

     13.     Mortuary/funeral home.

     14.     Printing, publishing, painting and engraving services and shops.

     15.     Professional offices.

     16.     Recreational vehicles, travel trailers (not mobile homes), camper sales and storage, provided all units are in a usable condition.

     17.     Rental sales and services including yard and garden supplies, trailers (not mobile  homes) and other such items, provided storage is within a completely enclosed building.

     18.     School for industrial training, trade or business training.

C.     Conditional Uses.

     1.     Automated Teller Machine (ATM) as a primary use exterior to a multi-tenant commercial shopping center having greater than one hundred thousand (100,000) square feet of lease space.

     2.     Blacksmith or welding service or shops.

     3.     Bottled gas, leasing and sales.

     4.     Construction equipment sales, leasing, rental repair or storage.

     5.     Crematorium, as an accessory use to a mortuary (See Section 405.495).

     6.     Fertilizer storage in bags or bulk storage of liquid or dry fertilizer.

     7.     Golf course, miniature golf course or driving range.

     8.     Indoor and/or outdoor gaming, recreational uses or live performances.

     9.     Kennel for commercial boarding or breeding.

     10.     Liquor by the drink.

     11.     Outdoor storage or display in connection with, and accessory to, a permitted use on the site.  Material, product, inventory, goods and/or equipment not displayed for sale or lease on the site may be permitted in the side and/or rear yard provided items are screened or enclosed by a masonry wall, sight proof fence or equivalent landscape hedge not less than six (6) feet in height.  Outdoor display of merchandise and goods for lease or sale at retail may be approved without screening subject to any conditions of the conditional use permit.

     12.     Public parking lot, garage or motor vehicle self-storage lot.

     13.     Restaurant, fast-food including drive-through facility.

     14.     Sale or storage of stone products, monuments, sand or gravel.  No crushing or grinding allowed.

     15.     Sales and installation services.

     16.     Social service activities for such uses as food pantries, drug rehabilitation programs, parole office.

     17.     Stadiums or zoo.

     18.     Taxicab garaging, dispatch and maintenance.

     19.     Telephone, radio, television, microwave or other communication tower/telecommunication device.

     20.     Truck or bus terminal.

     21.     Used car, truck, recreational vehicle sales, service, leasing or rental.

     22.     Utility maintenance yard.

D.     Regulations And Performance Standards.

     1.     Minimum lot area.  Ten thousand (10,000) square feet.

     2.     Minimum lot width.  Sixty (60) feet at the building line.

     3.     Minimum yard requirements.

          a.     Front yard.  Not less than thirty (30) feet.

          b.     Side yard.  Not less than ten (10) feet.

          c.     Rear yard.  Not less than thirty (30) feet.

     4.     Height requirement.  Except as otherwise provided in Section 405.185, the following shall apply:  No building or structure shall exceed a height of fifty (50) feet or three (3) stories, whichever is less.

     5.     Maximum lot coverage.  As dictated by other area and performance requirements such as yard setbacks, landscaping and parking.

     6.     Off-street parking and loading.  As required by Article VII.

     7.     Performance standards.

          a.     Outdoor storage or display of merchandise, materials or equipment is prohibited unless approved by a conditional use permit.

          b.     Vehicle uses in conjunction with the operation of the business shall be parked to the side or rear of the business if such parking is available.  If such parking is not available, vehicles shall not be parked to obstruct visibility of the business.

          c.     Other performance standards.  See Article VI.

     8.     Public utilities.  Any area zoned "C-3" Highway Commercial District shall be served by approved public water and sanitary sewer facilities.  All electric, telephone or other utilities extended within the "C-3" District shall be constructed underground. (See Section 410.350 for Underground Wiring Regulations)

     9.     Businesses serving alcoholic beverages.  All building corners of package liquor stores and businesses other than restaurants serving or selling alcoholic beverages shall be at least three hundred (300) feet from main entrance to main entrance of any school, place of worship or library.

     10.     Design standards.  All buildings erected and constructed in this district after the effective date of this Section shall have the exterior facade constructed to the following minimum design standards:

          a.     Suggested building materials.  Commercial buildings shall have exterior wall material of brick, stone, stucco, textured masonite, decorative concrete masonry unit, glass, e.i.f.s./dryvit, vinyl or wood siding, concrete with textured finish, metal panel, concrete cinder block, or concrete tilt-up, which is painted or finished.

          b.     Building colors.  Building colors shall be earth tones or similar colors which include, but are not limited to, beige, brown, gray, blue, green, white or red.  Roof and trim colors shall be earth tone and complement the main color of the building.

          c.     Mechanical equipment.  All equipment and heating and air conditioning equipment, whether roof- or ground-mounted, on commercial buildings shall be screened from view to the height of the equipment, with a similar material used for the building, vinyl or wood fencing.

          d.     Front facade.  The front facade of every commercial building in the "C-3" Highway Commercial District, excluding window glass and doors, shall be comprised of brick, stone or masonry material for one hundred percent (100%) of the facade(s) facing a public street. All buildings shall present a well-maintained frontage, harmonious in design to the surrounding vicinity.  Creative use and design of other materials are encouraged to accent brick, stone or masonry work on the front facade(s).

     11.     Protective screening.

          a.     All exterior solid waste containers and container racks or stands shall have a concrete floor and shall be screened from public view by an enclosure which shall be a minimum of six (6) feet in height.  Screening shall be constructed of a similar material used for the building.

          b.     Where a "C-3" zoning district directly adjoins a residential zoning district (Districts "R-1A" through "R-1E", "MHD"), or is located across a public street or alley from a residential zoning district, a landscape greenbelt at least twenty (20) feet in width shall be provided and maintained along the appropriate property line by the users of the "C-3" property.  The greenbelt shall be planted with trees and/or shrubs and maintained in a healthy growing condition and be neat and orderly in appearance.  In no instance shall the greenbelt include parking lots or impervious surfaces or be used for loading space.  Along the inner side of the greenbelt, except where the greenbelt adjoins a public street, there shall be provided either:

               (1)     A continuous visual screen with a minimum height of six (6) feet, such screen consisting of a compact evergreen hedge or foliage screening; or

               (2)     An ornamental masonry wall or wood fence at least six (6) feet in height above grade. (R.O. 2006 §405.140; Ord. No. 1076 §§1--2, 7-26-90; Ord. No. 1080, 7-26-90; Ord. No. 1614 §2, 3-23-00; Ord. No. 1702 §1, 10-25-00; Ord. No. 1726 §§1--4, 1-24-01; Ord. No. 1864 §2, 5-22-02; Ord. No. 1918 §4, 12-11-02; Ord. No. 1954 §4, 3-26-03; Ord. No. 2587 §2, 8-23-06; Ord. No. 2674 §3, 1-24-07; Ord. No. 2809 §§3--4, 11-28-07; Ord. No. 2954 §§5--6, 12-10-08)

SECTION 405.135:  "C-2" GENERAL COMMERCIAL DISTRICT
Link to the Official Municipal Code of the City of Wentzville

A.     Purpose.  This district represents those areas of the City in which principal use is general retail, service and repair business activities which serve the entire City and the surrounding area.  This district provides standards for development businesses catering to the general public generally along secondary thoroughfares where a general mixture of commercial service activities now exist but not characterized by warehousing, heavy truck traffic, open storage of material or the nuisance factors associated with more intense uses.

B.     Permitted Uses.

     1.     Any use permitted in the "C-1" Neighborhood Commercial District. (See C-1 Regulations Below)

     2.     Agricultural service store of non-hazardous goods or feed store.

     3.     Ambulance service.

     4.     Auditorium or lecture hall.

     5.     New and accessory used sale, service, rental or leasing of cars, trucks and recreational vehicles on a site of no less than five (5) acres.

     6.     Automobile parts store for sale of auto parts and accessories.

     7.     Automobile service and repair station or auto body shop.

     8.     Automobile wash facility.

     9.     Bait shops.

     10.     Banks including drive-through facilities.

     11.     Carpentry craft shops and woodworking shops.

     12.     China, glassware, metal, paint, wallpaper--retail.

     13.     Convenience store or food shop.

     14.     Day care facility.

     15.     Department, discount or variety store.

     16.     Drive-through pickup and delivery service.

     17.     Exterminators.

     18.     General contracting and building construction services.  Construction grading, excavating and similar equipment shall be stored in an enclosed building.

     19.     Health and exercise facility or athletic club.

     20.     Hospital or medical clinic.

     21.     Hotels or motels.

     22.     Laboratory--research, experimental or testing.

     23.     Landscaping contracting services and landscape nursery for growing plants, trees and shrubs.

     24.     Liquor store.

     25.     Mortuary.

     26.     Pet grooming and pet supplies.

     27.     Pet shops, veterinarian clinic or animal hospital in a completely enclosed building.

     28.     Postal services.

     29.     Printing, publishing, photo finishing and engraving service.

     30.     Radio or television broadcast station or studio.

     31.     Restaurant.

     32.     Sales and service for the following:  Appliances, blueprinting, photocopying, electronics, hardware, publishing, engraving, office and business equipment, tire sales and service.

     33.     Schools of higher education.

     34.     Supermarket or grocery.

     35.     Theater, indoor; live performance or motion picture.

     36.     Wholesale establishment with warehousing not exceeding forty percent (40%) of the ground floor area.

C.     Conditional Uses.

     1.     Amphitheater or drive-in theater.

     2.     Amusement game complex or arcade.

     3.     Amusement park.

     4.     Athletic field or gymnasiums.

     5.     Automated Teller Machine (ATM) as a primary use.

     6.     Bed and breakfast inn.

     7.     Blacksmith or welding services.

     8.     Bus station.

     9.     Cemetery on a site not less than twenty (20) acres.

     10.     Commercial recreation uses such as bowling alley, billiard parlor, dance hall, skating rink or uses of similar character.

     11.     Crematorium, as an accessory use to a mortuary (See Section 405.495).

     12.     Furniture repair, refinishing, reupholstery.

     13.     Garden supplies and displays including outdoor storage.

     14.     Indoor and/or outdoor gaming, recreational uses or live performances.

     15.     Kennel boarding or breeding.

     16.     Lawn care service establishment.

     17.     Liquor by the drink.

     18.     Lumber and building materials store but not lumberyards.

     19.     Miniature golf course, golf course, or driving range.

     20.     Monument sales with outdoor storage or displays.

     21.     Public parking lots and garages.

     22.     Railroad switching yards.

     23.     Residences.

     24.     Restaurant, fast-food including drive-through facility.

     25.     School for industrial training, trade or business school.

     26.     Used car, truck, recreational vehicle sales, service, leasing or rental.

D.     Regulations And Performance Standards.

     1.     Minimum lot area.  Eight thousand three hundred (8,300) square feet.

     2.     Minimum lot width.  Sixty (60) feet at the building line.

     3.     Minimum yard requirements.

          a.     Front yard.  Not less than thirty (30) feet.

          b.     Side yard.  Not less than ten (10) feet.

          c.     Rear yard.  Not less than fifteen (15) feet, except that where a rear yard adjoins property zoned any residential district, a rear yard of twenty-five (25) feet shall be provided.

     4.     Height requirement.  Except as otherwise provided in Section 405.185, the following shall apply:  No building or structure shall exceed a height of three (3) stories or fifty (50) feet, whichever is less.

     5.     Maximum lot coverage.  As dictated by other area and performance requirements such as yard setbacks, landscaping and parking.

     6.     Off-street parking and loading.  As required by Article VII.

     7.     Performance standards.

          a.     Bulk storage of any flammable liquid shall be underground.

          b.     Other standards as required in Article VI.

          c.     Outdoor storage or display of merchandise, materials or equipment is prohibited.

          d.     Vehicle uses in conjunction with the operation of the business shall be parked to the side or rear of the business if such parking is available.  If such parking is not available, vehicles shall not be parked to obstruct visibility of the business.

     8.     Public utilities.  Any area zoned "C-2" General Commercial District shall be served by approved public water and sanitary sewer facilities.  All electric, telephone or other utilities extended within the "C-2" District shall be constructed underground. (See Section 410.350 for Underground Wiring Regulations)

     9.     Design standards.  All buildings erected and constructed in this district after the effective date of this Section shall have the exterior facade constructed to the following minimum design standards:

          a.     Suggested building materials.  Commercial buildings shall have exterior wall material of brick, stone, stucco, textured masonite, decorative concrete masonry unit, glass, e.i.f.s./dryvit, concrete with textured finish, vinyl or wood siding, metal panel or concrete cinder block which is painted or finished.

          b.     Building colors.  Building colors shall be earth tones or similar colors which include, but are not limited to, beige, brown, gray, blue, green, white or red.  Roof and trim colors shall be earth tone and complement the main color of the building.

          c.     Mechanical equipment.  All equipment and heating and air conditioning equipment, whether roof- or ground-mounted, on commercial buildings shall be screened from view to the height of the equipment with a similar material used for the building, vinyl or wood fencing.

          d.     Front facade.  The front facade of every commercial building in the "C-2" General Commercial District, excluding window glass and doors, shall be comprised of brick, stone or masonry material for one hundred percent (100%) of the facade(s) facing a public street.  All buildings shall present a well-maintained frontage, harmonious in design to the surrounding vicinity.  Creative use and design of other materials are encouraged to accent brick, stone or masonry work on the front facade(s).

     10.     Protective screening.

          a.     All exterior solid waste containers and container racks or stands shall have a concrete floor and shall be screened from public view by an enclosure which shall be a minimum of six (6) feet in height.  Screening shall be constructed of a similar material used for the building.

          b.     Where a "C-2" zoning district directly adjoins a residential zoning district (Districts "R-1A" through "R-1E", "MHD"), or is located across a public street or alley from a residential zoning district, a landscape greenbelt at least twenty (20) feet in width shall be provided and maintained along the appropriate property line by the users of the "C-2" property.  The greenbelt shall be planted with trees and/or shrubs and maintained in a healthy growing condition and be neat and orderly in appearance.  In no instance shall the greenbelt include parking lots or impervious surfaces or be used for loading space.  Along the inner side of the greenbelt, except where the greenbelt adjoins a public street, there shall be provided either:

               (1)     A continuous visual screen with a minimum height of six (6) feet, such screen consisting of a compact evergreen hedge or foliage screening; or

               (2)     An ornamental masonry wall or wood fence at least six (6) feet in height above grade.  (R.O. 2006 §405.135; Ord. No. 1076 §§1--2, 7-26-90; Ord. No. 1080, 7-26-90; Ord. No. 1614 §2, 3-23-00; Ord. No. 1726 §§1--4, 1-24-01; Ord. No. 1918 §3, 12-11-02; Ord. No. 1954 §§2--3, 3-26-03; Ord. No. 2809 §2, 11-28-07; Ord. No. 2954 §§3--4, 12-10-08)

SECTION 405.130:  "C-1" NEIGHBORHOOD COMMERCIAL DISTRICT
Link to the Official Municipal Code of the City of Wentzville

A.     Purpose.  This district represents those areas of the City in which principal use is local retail, service and restricted repair business activities, which serve on a comparatively small scale, the needs of surrounding residential neighborhoods.  Certain uses which would function more effectively in locations appropriate for a variety of commercial and service activities have been excluded.

B.     Permitted Uses.

     1.     Accounting, auditing and bookkeeping service.

     2.     Advertising and printing service.

     3.     Antique shop.

     4.     Bakeries and bake shop.

     5.     Banks and financial institutions without drive-up service.

     6.     Convalescent home, nursing home, home for the aged.

     7.     Electronics and appliance repair and service.

     8.     Group home facility.

     9.     Monuments and historic sites.

     10.     Offices for law, architectural, engineering, insurance, real estate, management, planning or similar office.

     11.     Optometrists, chiropractors, dental or other similar health care office.

     12.     Personal service businesses such as alteration and garment repair, barber or beautician, clock and jewelry repair, locksmith, dry cleaner or laundry, mailing services, employment services, janitorial services, investment agencies, travel agencies, shoe repair and cleaning and similar uses.

     13.     Places of worship such as churches, temples and synagogues.

     14.     Public or private library.

     15.     Public building erected by a governmental agency.

     16.     Public park or playground.

     17.     Public or private school.

     18.     Retail sales within stores and shops for apparel and accessories, bicycles, books, cameras and photographic supplies, flooring, drugs, furniture, flowers, hobby supplies, jewelry or clocks, novelties or souvenirs, shoes, sporting goods and similar uses.

     19.     Taxicab dispatch (office only).

     20.     Title companies.

     21.     Utility substations for gas, electric or telephone.

C.     Conditional Uses.

     1.     Ambulance service.

     2.     Amphitheater and auditoriums, lecture halls.

     3.     Art galleries, museums, including sales and service.

     4.     Athletic fields, gymnasiums, athletic clubs.

     5.     Bed and breakfast residence.

     6.     Cemetery on a site of not less than twenty (20) acres.

     7.     Data processing center.

     8.     Day care facility.

     9.     Furniture repair, refinishing, reupholstery.

     10.     Health and exercise facilities.

     11.     Landscape nursery for growing plants, trees, shrubs, including sales of nursery stock and garden supplies.

     12.     Lawn care service establishment on a site of not less than one (1) acre.

     13.     Liquor by the drink.

     14.     Patio and garden house, retail greenhouse.

     15.     Pet adoption center, animal hospital, veterinarian clinic or animal beauty parlor, provided that all workrooms, pens and kennels be maintained in a completely enclosed, soundproof building.  Conditions shall be imposed to protect adjoining land uses for potential noise and odor.

     16.     Public parking lots and garages.

     17.     Restaurant and delicatessens without drive-through facility.

     18.     Schools of higher education.

     19.     Single-family dwellings.

     20.     Theater, indoor; live performance or motion picture.

D.     Regulations And Performance Standards.

     1.     Minimum lot area.  Eight thousand three hundred (8,300) square feet.

     2.     Minimum lot width.  Sixty (60) feet at the building line.

     3.     Minimum yard requirements.

          a.     Front yard.  Not less than thirty (30) feet.

          b.     Side yard.  Not less than twelve (12) feet.

          c.     Rear yard.  Not less than thirty (30) feet.

     4.     Height requirement.  Except as otherwise provided in Section 405.185, the following shall apply:  No building or structure shall exceed a height of thirty-five (35) feet or two and one-half (2½) stories, whichever is less.

     5.     Maximum lot coverage.  The maximum lot coverage by structures shall not exceed thirty-five percent (35%).

     6.     Off-street parking and loading.  As required by Article VII.

     7.     Performance standards.

          a.     Flea markets and auctions, both those inside or outside of a building, are prohibited.

          b.     No separate business establishment shall occupy more than five thousand (5,000) square feet of floor space.

          c.     Other standards as required in Article VI herein.

          d.     Outdoor storage or display of merchandise, materials or equipment is prohibited.

          e.     Wholesale sales are prohibited.

          f.     All fencing in the "C-1" Neighborhood Commercial District shall be ornamental.

          g.     Stormwater shall be detained underground, in retention basins or utilize adjacent project detention facilities as applicable per ordinance.

          h.     Parking lot lighting fixtures shall not exceed a maximum height of twenty (20) feet.  All light fixtures shall be screened or directed away from streets and adjacent properties.

     8.     Public utilities.  Any area zoned "C-1" Neighborhood Commercial District shall be served by approved public water and sewer facilities.  All electric, telephone or other utilities extended within the "C-1" District shall be constructed underground. (See Section 410.350 for Underground Wiring Regulations)

     9.     Design standards.  All buildings erected and constructed in this district after the effective date of this Section shall have the exterior facade constructed to the following minimum design standards:

          a.     Suggested building materials.  Commercial buildings shall have exterior wall material of brick, stone, stucco, textured masonite, decorative concrete masonry unit, glass, e.i.f.s./dryvit, vinyl or wood siding. No new commercial building shall have an exterior material consisting of metal or concrete cinder block.

          b.     Building colors.  Building colors shall be earth tones or similar colors which include, but are not limited to, beige, brown, gray, blue, green, white or red.  Roof and trim colors shall be earth tone and complement the main color of the building.

          c.     Mechanical equipment.  All equipment and heating and air conditioning equipment whether roof- or ground-mounted on commercial buildings shall be screened from view to the height of the equipment with a similar material used for the building, vinyl or wood fencing.

          d.     Front facade.  The front facade of every commercial building in the "C-1" Neighborhood Commercial District, excluding window glass and doors, shall be comprised of brick, stone or masonry material for one hundred percent (100%) of the facade(s) facing a public street. All buildings shall present a well-maintained frontage, harmonious in design to the surrounding vicinity.  Creative use and design of other materials are encouraged to accentbrick, stone or masonry work on the front facade(s).

          e.     Type and pitch of roofing system shall be compatible with adjacent residential structures as applicable via site plan approval.

          f.     Development shall provide compatible architectural features as adjacent residential structures such as, but not limited to, compatible trim and moldings, roof form and type, window construction, porches, structure recesses or projections and similar features via site plan approval.

     10.     Protective screening.

          a.     All exterior solid waste containers and container racks or stands shall have a concrete floor and shall be screened from public view by an enclosure which shall be a minimum of six (6) feet in height.  Screening shall be constructed of a similar material used for the building.

          b.     Where a "C-1" zoning district directly adjoins a residential zoning district (Districts "R-1A" though "R-1E", "MHD"), or is located across a public street or alley from a residential zoning district, a landscape greenbelt at least twenty (20) feet in width shall be provided and maintained along the appropriate property line by the users of the "C-1" property.  The greenbelt shall be planted with trees and/or shrubs and maintained in a healthy growing condition and be neat and orderly in appearance.  In no instance shall the greenbelt include parking lots or impervious surfaces or be used for loading space.  Along the inner side of the greenbelt, except where the greenbelt adjoins a public street, there shall be provided either:

               (1)     A continuous visual screen with a minimum height of six (6) feet, such screen consisting of a compact evergreen hedge or foliage screening; or

               (2)     An ornamental masonry wall or wood fence at least six (6) feet in height above grade.  (R.O. 2006 §405.130; Ord. No. 1076 §§1--2, 7-26-90; Ord. No. 1080, 7-26-90; Ord. No. 1614 §2, 3-23-00; Ord. No. 1726 §§1--4, 1-24-01; Ord. No. 1843 §§3--4, 3-27-02; Ord. No. 2954 §2, 12-10-08)